5f adb diamond cbd

December 15, 2021 By admin Off

But lab tests provided to Leafly by the company showed that all the retested samples had melatonin as a “major constituent” and CBD as a “minor constituent.” Asked about the apparent discrepancy, Hagen said he was unfamiliar with the exact circumstances of the tests.

According to the VCU study, all of the tested Diamond products contained CBD as advertised, but samples of its Liquid Gold Strawberry and Liquid Gold Jungle Juice also tested positive for 5F-ADB. One product, known as Diamond CBD Vape Additive, was found to contain 5F-ADB in the sample given to researchers while a separate sample, ordered online, tested positive for DXM, a cough syrup chemical sometimes used recreationally.

“There’s too much money to be made for problems not to come up.”

In the weeks since the study’s release, Diamond CBD and its parent company maintained an aggressive marketing campaign nationally and across the internet.

Diamond CBD is far from the only e-liquid seller to face scrutiny in recent years. Yet due in part to the lack of state or federal regulation over such products, companies flagged for selling contaminated CBD are generally able to continue business as usual.

Chemicals 101: A closer look at cannabin-ish molecules.

Hagen acknowledged that “some” of Diamond CBD’s approximately 300 products do contain melatonin, a hormone produced naturally by the body—and sometimes used as a dietary supplement—that signals to our brains that it’s time to go to sleep. He said his team got the idea of using melatonin from another vendor at a trade show a few years back, and also added it in response to customer requests for CBD products to help them sleep.

After examining e-liquids and synthetic cannabinoids for about 10 years, Poklis said, he’s become quite familiar with the kinds of synthetic products on offer and the ways they’re promoted on packaging and in advertisements. Poklis recalled the psychedelic packaging on early K2 products labelled “not for human consumption” and ordering samples from sites like IAmStoned.com.

Following the study’s release in November, Diamond CEO Kevin Hagen told Consumer Reports that the company planned to retest its current products and recall them if needed. “The company strives to provide the assurance that we supply the best, highest-quality products on the market,” he said.

A study released last month found that samples of CBD oils from one popular manufacturer contained potentially dangerous chemicals not listed in company materials, including a synthetic cannabinoid and a chemical generally found in cough syrup. Researchers said the additives “may lead to unexpected psychoactive effects.”

“Many products have had names or pictures that indicated there’s something in there that will get you high,” he said. “It is dumb to use any of these products, because we do not have enough pharmacological data to understand untoward effects.”

In a phone interview this week, Hagen told Leafly that Diamond did indeed retest the products featured in the study and found with no sign of either DXM or 5F-ADB in the results. He said the samples in the Virginia study seemed to be purchased in 2017, when formulas were different.

“Uninformed users may mistakenly associate these [chemicals’] effects with CBD,” the researchers wrote. “The inclusion of these drugs in e-liquids can lead to dangerous consequences; particularly when the users are unaware, and [consuming these products] for therapeutic reasons.”

According to third-party lab results shared by Diamond, however, the products were found to contain another ingredient that CBD-buyers might not expect: melatonin, a hormone used to promote sleep. While Diamond discloses on its website that some of its products contain “a dash of melatonin,” the company’s own lab results found that melatonin was the products’ “major constituent” while CBD was their “minor constituent.”

Paul Armentano, deputy director of the National Organization to Reform Marijuana Laws (NORML), told Leafly that previous studies on consumer e-liquids have turned up similarly unexpected and potentially dangerous chemicals, highlighting what he said was a need for both government regulation and extreme care on the part of patients and consumers.

Is industry growth outpacing safety?

In the case of Diamond CBD, Poklis said his team saw no such clues on the company’s website or product packaging—part of the reason the study’s findings were “unexpected,” he said. “If someone who is interested in trying CBD for health reasons goes to a site and thinks it seems like a legitimate provider, and that turns out not to be the case, this is problematic.”

The drugs have also been linked to dozens of overdoses and potentially several deaths, leading to the classification of 5F-ADB and several other synthetic cannabinoids as Schedule I controlled substances. In some cases, these chemicals are suspected to have been marketed as CBD products in e-liquid or other forms.

The VCU study found THC in two Diamond CBD samples, the synthetic cannabinoid 5F-ADB in four samples, and the cough syrup chemical DXM in one sample.

Diamond CBD already has a large audience and customer base. It’s sought to position itself as an authority on CBD products—and may very well be seen as such by consumers. But as with many other large CBD retailers, aspects of its products and practices remain publicly unknown.

On Diamond CBD’s website, the company explicitly states that its products are “100% natural, lab tested, CBD extracts” and do not contain synthetic chemicals. The company’s site also provides “no indication that these products contained any other active substances,” the VCU researchers wrote.

Some of the Diamond CBD products were also found to contain the psychoactive cannabinoid THC, which researchers called “expected” due to the trace amounts that occur naturally in hemp plants, from which the company derives its CBD.

One major area of this trend is synthetic cannabinoids, often referred to as K2 or Spice. These lab-produced chemicals are designed to stimulate the body’s endocannabinoid system, the same system that responds to cannabis-derived cannabinoids. The effects of each formulation vary, but users have reported feelings of sedation, well-being, disorientation, and—especially over time or in cases of overdose—nausea, fear, ataxia, and difficulty breathing.

The market for cannabidiol products in the US is booming. But as CBD surges in popularity—it’s now advertised in drug stores, gas stations, and even cocktail bars—lab tests suggest that other chemicals are creeping in, creating the potential for a real public health risk.

Over the past several months, sponsored posts and op-eds by the company have also appeared in industry outlets and consumer publications, including Leafly, VentureBeat, and LA Weekly . Some explicitly referenced the company’s commitment to quality, highlighting, for example, the company’s “call to action for quality and accountability across the industry.” [Editor’s note: Leafly has since removed the sponsored post from our website.]

Public acceptance of cannabis has skyrocketed in recent years, even as it remains illegal across most of the globe. Prohibition has meant that using even legal hemp to manufacture CBD extracts can raise legal questions. At the same time, advances in lab technology have led to an explosion in products that claim to offer the same effects as cannabis by using various chemical stand-ins.

“The inclusion of these drugs in e-liquids can lead to dangerous consequences; particularly when the users are unaware.”

Diamond’s CEO told Leafly that Diamond has never included 5F-ADB or DXM in its products.

Hagen stressed several times that he and his family members regularly consume Diamond CBD products and that the company strives to follow best practices in the evolving industry whenever possible. “I’m not willing to jeopardize my family and friends, or anyone for that matter,” he said.

Diamond CBD's website reads : All our products are carefully monitored throughout the production process, and include 100% natural, lab tested, CBD extracts.

The overall problem, Hill says, is the discrepancy between federal and state handling of CBD. Many states have legalized medical marijuana and CBD, but according the federal government, CBD is still illegal. (Though one formulation of CBD, Epidiolex, was recently approved by the FDA for to treat seizures associated with two forms of epilepsy.)

“We thought, ‘Well maybe this kid was just fooling us, you know?” Peace tells me. “Maybe he got it from somebody who adulterated it. Nonetheless, we ordered a bunch of their products.”

Everything You Need to Know About K2, the Dangerous Weed Knockoff.

Diamond CBD’s chief executive officer, Kevin Hagen, told CR that current formulations of the products differ from those that were tested. He also said that the company’s products are subject to third-party testing and that as a result of Consumer Reports’ questions and the study findings, it planned to retest all its products and issue a recall if they are found to have been adulterated. “The company strives to provide the assurance that we supply the best, highest-quality products on the market,” Hagen said, adding that he supports regulation to ensure the safety and quality of CBD products.

In a new study in Forensic Science International, Peace and her co-authors published what they found. Out of nine CBD e-liquids from Diamond Gold, four contained a synthetic marijuana called 5-fluoro MDMB-PINACA (5F-ADB). One contained dextromethorphan, an ingredient in cough syrup.

Diamond CBD did not respond after multiple attempts for comment. In an article from earlier this month, Consumer Reports wrote:

Screenshot from Diamond CBD’s website.

Dextromethorphan is used in cough syrups and can cause “agitation, ataxia, hypertonic, sedation and may produce dissociative hallucinations at high doses,” the new paper says. Teens are increasingly using it to get high, and it’s one of the most frequent over-the-counter causes of poisoning for people aged 13 to 18. In large doses, dextromethorphan is abused to achieve similar highs as PCP and ketamine.

Michelle Peace regularly monitors online message boards to see what people are vaping, what got them high, and what gave them bad side effects. As a toxicologist and vaping expert at Virginia Commonwealth University, part of her job is to evaluate how electronic cigarettes are being used for substances other than nicotine.

CBD Products Are Everywhere, but Is CBD Legal? Not Exactly.

“I think one of the major misconceptions about CBD is that people feel, because they can get it online or they can get into the dispensary, that it's legal,” Hill says. “Technically all of the CBD aside from Epidiolex is federally illegal still.

In practice, this leads to inadequate regulation and oversight, in the same way that nutraceuticals and other over-the-counter supplements aren’t properly screened and labeled. “People are looking for these alternatives and they are not anticipating that they're going to take something that at the end of the day might send them to the hospital,” Peace says.

All of the liquids did have CBD in them. But two contained THC, a compound in weed known to get you high and one that a pure-CBD product is not expected to contain more than .3 percent of. Meanwhile, a product called Diamond CBD Vape Additive was found to contain dextromethorphan, while Liquid Gold Jungle Juice, Liquid Gold Strawberry, and also the Diamond CBD Vape Additive contained the synthetic marijuana.

Synthetic marijuana, also known as K2 or Spice, is a chemical that is different from naturally occurring cannabis, but binds to similar receptors in the brain, and can sometimes have similar psychoactive effects. It can be extremely dangerous. It’s a gamble what chemical compound you actually get when you buy synthetic marijuana, and it can cause side effects like agitation, confusion, dizziness, lack of coordination, sedation, and even seizures. In 2014, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) reported 2311 incidents involving medical intervention or death involving 5F-ADB.

Everything We Know About the Health Risks of Vaping CBD.

“The major issue would be problems or feelings associated with THC that you’re not anticipating, such as euphoria or paranoia or hallucinations, perhaps,” Hill says. “These are things that you’re not bargaining for.”

It’s relatively common to find THC in CBD products, including vape liquids, says Kevin Hill, an addiction psychiatrist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and an Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. A paper from 2017 in The Journal of the American Medical Association looked at a variety of online CBD products and found that only 30 percent were labeled to match what was actually in them. Some had more or less CBD than advertised, and some had additional compounds. 21 percent also had THC in them. This could have an important impact, for example, on a drug test taken for employment.

Peace and her colleagues bought the same two products their caller had taken, Liquid Gold Strawberry and Diamond CBD Vape Additive, and seven more to test. They purchased them directly from diamondcbd.com. They analyzed the ingredients using Direct Analysis in Real Time Mass Spectrometry (DART-MS) and Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)—both powerful and validated methods of separating and identifying chemicals.

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Taking synthetic marijuana alone is more harmful than taking it in conjunction with CBD—the latter can dampen some of the effects of the former, Hill says. “That's why we see so many people having so many problems with synthetics [alone],” he adds. “They will become psychotic, they could have hallucinations, things of that sort.”

According to their “About” page, Diamond CBD’s main goal is to research and develop cutting-edge, high-quality hemp oil extracts and distribute them throughout the world. Their team, which consists of doctors and scientists, strives to make the highest-quality and purest CBD products. Through their research and development efforts, Diamond CBD seeks to develop a wide variety of hemp oil extracts with the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other phytochemicals.

Diamond CBD states it sources all its industrial hemp from their partner farms in Kentucky, Colorado, and Scandinavia. Once their non-GMO hemp plants are ready for processing, they gingerly hand-pick and select their plants, carefully drying and processing them.

After their experience, they went back to the vape shop and asked if the product contained spice or K2. Apparently, the owner, who’d been asked this several times, produced a sheet allegedly containing lab test results for the Diamond CBD product in question.

Diamond CBD’s Hemp Source, Processing, Legality, and Psychoactivity.

A quick search for Diamond CBD in the r/CBD Subreddit reveals a whole host of bad experiences with this company. It’s important to note that CBD Breaker did not independently verify the accuracy of these claims. However, it’s easy to see how they could have happened given the chemicals found in Diamond CBD’s products.

While it’s tempting to take the certificates of any CBD company at face value, cases like the ones above, while anecdotal, serve as valuable illustrations of what can happen when greed supersedes the well-being of individual customers.

At first, the Reddit user concluded that Diamond CBD’s products would be a nice way to get the same high from cannabis without ingesting an illegal substance. But, other Redditors began chiming in with links to news articles on the dangers of consuming products with synthetic cannabimimetics. Fortunately, the OP heeded the advice and threw the rest of the product away.

Moreover, those seeking out CBD products are often people who are looking for relief from serious illnesses or pain. As such, their immune systems may be compromised or weakened. For this reason, it is doubly important to read customer reviews, ask questions, and contact the company should you have any doubts about the quality of their products.

In the ensuing weeks, the Redditor was subjected to MRIs and other tests. The tests came back inconclusive, but the OP noted that their hippocampus was functioning at ⅕ of its normal rate.

“The company strives to provide the assurance that we supply the best, highest-quality products on the market,” Hagen said in the report, adding that he supports regulation to “ensure the safety and quality of CBD products.”

Hemp Source.

Diamond CBD claims their products are legal in all 50 states. And, since their products are derived from hemp and not weed, they meet the federal limit of 0.3 percent THC. This means users won’t experience any psychoactive effects.

Over the next few minutes, the user claimed they were drifting in and out of consciousness. They were also fully cognizant and able to hear people around them but unable to respond. Once the paramedics arrived, the Redditor had regained their vision and was able to respond.

Some companies may add synthetic cannabinoids and other harmful substances to the finished product, such as K2 in a CBD vape additive for just one example. Unfortunately, this won’t be shown on the certificate of analysis because most companies only have their third-party labs analyze the samples for the full range of phytocannabinoids, not the presence of synthetic cannabinoids like K2.

Consumers looking to supplement their wellness regimens with non-psychoactive CBD would have been, at the very least, startled by the effect of ingesting anything with 5F-ADB. Its milder symptoms include euphoria, paranoia, distortion of time, and hallucinations. At higher doses, it can trigger seizures, convulsions, tachycardia, delirium, violent behavior, and even sudden death.

What Is 5F-ADB?

However, in the Nov. 2018 issue of Forensic International, Justin L. Poklis decided to analyze the contents of commercially-available CBD e-liquids after receiving a tip from an outside source about Diamon CBD products.

But in his phone conversation with Leafly, Mr. Hagen stated that the findings from the paper cited above were for a different formulation from 2017. He also suggested that, because Diamond CBD has never used either 5F-ADB or DXM in any of their products, it must have been due to product of tampering further up the supply chain.

According to one user on Reddit who tried Diamond CBD’s Liquid Gold or Vape Additive products, they experienced a high similar to that produced by cannabis sativa.

Founded in 2015, Diamond CBD is a Florida-based company aiming to make high-quality CBD oil supplements available throughout the United States.

If you type in the phrase “Where can I buy CBD?” into Google’s search field, you’ll get back over 2 million results for that question alone. From buyer’s guides to company home pages, a consumer who is new to the CBD world will inevitably be inundated with promises from CBD companies all claiming to have the purest or most potent product.