cbd and levothyroxine interactions

December 15, 2021 By admin Off

Most hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism cases can be dealt with a properly adjusted dose of thyroid hormone. Healthy nutrition and an active lifestyle can also contribute to the mitigation of symptoms.

Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.

If you want to avoid CBD-drug interactions, we encourage you to consult a doctor before buying a CBD product for thyroid health.

CBD can also temporarily lower blood pressure, allowing the user to take deeper breaths. This, in turn, can have a positive effect on our physical response to stress (6).

In a study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, the authors found that CBD and its modified equivalents were effective in easing chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rats (2).

Final Thoughts on CBD and Thyroid Health.

Researchers have discovered the presence of CB1 receptors on the thyroid gland of animal models. These receptors regulate the production of two thyroid hormones, T3 and T4.

One of such mechanisms is the agonism of the 5-HT1A receptor, which controls serotonin secretion. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that manages feelings of happiness, well-being, and relaxation (4).

The second scenario is more negative because it entails the risk of experiencing the second-hand side effects that don’t result from CBD alone but rather from the above interaction.

These hormones play an important role in modulating energy levels, body weight, temperature, as well as the growth of hair, nails, and skin cells.

The topic of CBD-drug interactions is a complex one. CBD is known to inhibit the activity of the Cytochrome p450 system, a set of enzymes responsible for metabolizing the active ingredients in medications. This applies to both prescription and OTC meds.

The thyroid is a critical endocrine gland that is situated at the base of the neck, wrapping around the front of the trachea. The thyroid produces a variety of hormones that influence bodily functions, such as metabolic rate, bone density, heart health, and muscle strength.

We have looked into many forums for patients with thyroid disorders who also take CBD for their conditions. The vast majority reports little to no side effects, but they underline the importance of having a 2-hour gap between one compound and the other.

In the first scenario, your primary medicine may lose efficacy and thus fail to provide the desired effects.

The endocrine system is made of a number of glands in the body that produce and secrete hormones for different functions.

In simple words, when you take CBD oil with levothyroxine at one time, they will likely compete for the place in the liver. Therefore, using these two products together may be counterproductive.

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CBD is a powerful anti-inflammatory compound. Multiple studies have proven the role of cannabinoids in reducing organ and tissue inflammation.

Anxiety is one of the major contributors to sleep deprivation, which is one of the reasons why people use CBD oil for sleep disorders. Aside from that, CBD influences the functioning of our circadian rhythm.

Studies have shown that CBD also helps us stay longer in the deep sleep stage while reducing REM disorders.

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All of the above conditions are triggered by chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland due to the body’s autoaggressive actions on this organ.

However, the amount of research is insufficient to define CBD as an effective treatment for thyroid health problems; we need more clinical trials to come to this conclusion.

Fat browning refers to the conversion of white fat cells to brown fat cells (9). The brown cells are more effective when it comes to converting fat to energy, helping individuals burn more calories as a result. On top of that, cannabinoids may have a positive effect on metabolism through improving the body’s sensitivity to insulin and reducing blood sugar levels as a result.

CBD and Thyroid Medication Interactions.

A high-quality CBD oil may address a variety of thyroid dysfunctions. This underperformance includes hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter, thyroiditis, and thyroid storm.

As mentioned, the ECS is involved in regulating a wide range of critical functions, including the performance of the thyroid.

Another risk factor for thyroid disorders is an autoaggressive immune system. When the immune system attacks the thyroid glands, it can cause autoimmune disorders, such as Hashimoto’s Disease or Graves’ disease.

Let’s take a look at the current state of scientific knowledge when it comes to using CBD for thyroid health.

Cannabinoid receptors have also been found within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), which is a region in the brain that connects with the pituitary gland and stimulates it to produce different types of hormones to adrenal glands, gonads, and the thyroid.

When you take CBD along with thyroid medication, the aforementioned interaction may result in either subtherapeutic effects or toxic levels of the drugs in the bloodstream.

CBD indirectly engages with these receptors, which would explain their potential for managing thyroid disorders, especially the problems of hormonal imbalances.

Due to its interaction with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), CBD allows individuals to take on an alternative route to managing the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. This, in turn, holds promise for patients with thyroid disorders who are apprehensive about conventional methods.

Knowing that both levothyroxine and CBD oil serve the same purpose, which is treating hypothyroidism, you may wonder if it’s appropriate to use both forms of medication simultaneously. This is where you need to consider potential CBD-drug interactions. CBD oil and levothyroxine compete for metabolism, and they both require the same pathway to metabolize, which is the cytochrome P450.

For a faster effect, you can go for tinctures and drops. This format works by placing a dose of CBD under the tongue with a dropper; after 60 seconds, you swallow the oil. You will start seeing the effect in 15–30 minutes, and the results should last for about 4–6 hours.

Levothyroxine is a popular thyroid medicine that serves as a substitute for a hormone that the thyroid gland should naturally produce to regulate the metabolism, growth, and development of the body. When the thyroid is unable to do this on its own, this disorder is called Hypothyroidism.

Choosing Between Levothyroxine and CBD oil.

Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.

So, before you go on with deciding on whether or not you should include CBD in your supplementation plan, let’s take a look at the pros and cons of both substances.

Now you know that using both levothyroxine and CBD oil is not entirely risk-free, except when it is well-spaced — and even at that, you may need a doctor’s supervision.

CBD can be taken in many different forms. If you’re new to CBD, you may want to consider oral forms, such as gummies or capsules. They offer a fixed dose of CBD per serving and provide longer-lasting effects despite a delayed onset.

While both substances may effectively treat hypothyroidism, you shouldn’t take them simultaneously. If you do this, it may lead to another dysfunction like hyperthyroidism. However, if you space out the usage, the risk of both drugs interacting and becoming counterproductive can be reduced to a bare minimum.

Like every other medication, both levothyroxine and CBD oils have their advantages and disadvantages. We will be looking at some of these, starting with levothyroxine.

How to Use Levothyroxine?

Here are some useful tips for taking Levothyroxine if you have a thyroid disorder:

Over the years, Levothyroxine has been a reliable treatment option for hypothyroidism and will continue to be. However, CBD oil is showing the potential of being worthy competition for levothyroxine, and if there is more research on how effective CBD oil can be in treating hypothyroidism and other thyroid disorders such as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, it will become even more popular among patients with hypothyroidism.

A study in 2017 discovered that if a patient takes both levothyroxine and CBD oil simultaneously, this may result in a case where more thyroxine becomes compiled before the body metabolizes it due to the aforementioned interaction. When this happens, it results in another disease called Hyperthyroidism. Other risks involved with the interaction of levothyroxine and CBD oil involve anxiety and mild nausea.

Regardless of your choice, make sure to consult a doctor before starting your CBD treatment. A qualified health professional will be in the best position to help you figure out the right dosage and establish a safe routine to avoid interactions with medications.

Levothyroxine and Hypothyroidism Treatment.

Once you’ve decided on the type of CBD you want to go for, there are still a few details to keep in mind. These include:

Levothyroxine may be the most commonly known treatment for hypothyroidism, which means an under-active thyroid gland. The primary job of the thyroid gland is to secrete thyroid hormone which helps to regulate the body’s metabolism and growth. Once the gland has become incapable of producing this hormone, levothyroxine acts as a substitute for the missing thyroid hormone.

Vaping offers the fastest and most effective way to deliver CBD to your system because it uses the lung tissue for absorption. The effects are almost instantaneous — kicking in after 5 minutes — but they last shorter than other forms. On the other hand, vapes come with the highest bioavailability of CBD.

Another study has found that CBD may be effective in easing chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain. These receptors in rat thyroids seemed to be capable of influencing the T3 and T4 hormone release. The study was conducted on rats and, as such, hasn’t been verified in humans.

Cannabinoids aren’t the only beneficial compounds in cannabis. Other phytonutrients include terpenes, flavonoids, amino acids, essential oils, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). If you want to enjoy the benefits of all these nutrients, then you should opt for full-spectrum CBD.

The researchers further warned that while the list may be used as a starting point to identify potential drug interactions with marijuana or CBD oil, plant-derived cannabinoid products may deliver highly variable cannabinoid concentrations (unlike the FDA-regulated prescription cannabinoid medications previously mentioned), and may contain many other compounds that can increase the risk of unintended drug interactions.

Many drugs are broken down by enzymes in the liver, and CBD may compete for or interfere with these enzymes, leading to too much or not enough of the drug in the body, called altered concentration. The altered concentration, in turn, may lead to the medication not working, or an increased risk of side effects. Such drug interactions are usually hard to predict but can cause unpleasant and sometimes serious problems.

Products containing cannabidiol (CBD) seem to be all the rage these days, promising relief from a wide range of maladies, from insomnia and hot flashes to chronic pain and seizures. Some of these claims have merit to them, while some of them are just hype. But it won’t hurt to try, right? Well, not so fast. CBD is a biologically active compound, and as such, it may also have unintended consequences. These include known side effects of CBD, but also unintended interactions with supplements, herbal products, and over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications.

Researchers from Penn State College of Medicine evaluated existing information on five prescription CBD and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabinoid medications: antinausea medications used during cancer treatment (Marinol, Syndros, Cesamet); a medication used primarily for muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis (Sativex, which is not currently available in the US, but available in other countries); and an antiseizure medication (Epidiolex). Overall, the researchers identified 139 medications that may be affected by cannabinoids. This list was further narrowed to 57 medications, for which altered concentration can be dangerous. The list contains a variety of drugs from heart medications to antibiotics, although not all the drugs on the list may be affected by CBD-only products (some are only affected by THC). Potentially serious drug interactions with CBD included.

Absolutely. Inhaled CBD gets into the blood the fastest, reaching high concentration within 30 minutes and increasing the risk of acute side effects. Edibles require longer time to absorb and are less likely to produce a high concentration peak, although they may eventually reach high enough levels to cause an issue or interact with other medications. Topical formulations, such as creams and lotions, may not absorb and get into the blood in sufficient amount to interact with other medications, although there is very little information on how much of CBD gets into the blood eventually. All of this is further complicated by the fact that none of these products are regulated or checked for purity, concentration, or safety.

CBD can alter the effects of other drugs.

While generally considered safe, CBD may cause drowsiness, lightheadedness, nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, and, in rare instances, damage to the liver. Taking CBD with other medications that have similar side effects may increase the risk of unwanted symptoms or toxicity. In other words, taking CBD at the same time with OTC or prescription medications and substances that cause sleepiness, such as opioids, benzodiazepines (such as Xanax or Ativan), antipsychotics, antidepressants, antihistamines (such as Benadryl), or alcohol may lead to increased sleepiness, fatigue, and possibly accidental falls and accidents when driving. Increased sedation and tiredness may also happen when using certain herbal supplements, such as kava, melatonin, and St. John’s wort. Taking CBD with stimulants (such as Adderall) may lead to decreased appetite, while taking it with the diabetes drug metformin or certain heartburn drugs (such as Prilosec) may increase the risk of diarrhea.

CBD has the potential to interact with many other products, including over-the-counter medications, herbal products, and prescription medications. Some medications should never be taken with CBD; the use of other medications may need to be modified or reduced to prevent serious issues. The consequences of drug interactions also depend on many other factors, including the dose of CBD, the dose of another medication, and a person’s underlying health condition. Older adults are more susceptible to drug interactions because they often take multiple medications, and because of age-related physiological changes that affect how our bodies process medications.

People considering or taking CBD products should always mention their use to their doctor, particularly if they are taking other medications or have underlying medical conditions, such as liver disease, kidney disease, epilepsy, heart issues, a weakened immune system, or are on medications that can weaken the immune system (such as cancer medications). A pharmacist is a great resource to help you learn about a potential interaction with a supplement, an herbal product (many of which have their own drug interactions), or an over-the-counter or prescription medication. Don’t assume that just because something is natural, it is safe and trying it won’t hurt. It very well might.

Doubling up on side effects.

Does the form of CBD matter?