cbd diameterDecember 15, 2021
We wanted to assess the width of the common bile duct (CBD) in an asymptomatic elderly (> 75 years) population, since no previous report has particularly considered the important age-related increase in CBD diameter for this patient group. CBD width of 92 asymptomatic people over 75 years of age (mean 84.7 years, range 75-96 years) without clinical or laboratory evidence for biliary, hepatocellular or pancreatic disease was measured by real-time high-resolution ultrasound of the upper abdomen. All examinations were performed by one experienced radiologist. Mean values were calculated for three groups: patients with and without cholecystolithiasis and after cholecystectomy. Statistical analysis was carried out by analysis of variance. Considering the measurements of all patients, the mean width (+/- SD) of the CBD was calculated as 6.5 +/- 2.5 mm. The difference between patients without cholecystolithiasis (6.2 +/- 2.3 mm) and patients after cholecystectomy (8.7 +/- 2.9 mm) was statistically significant (P < 0.0001). Cholecystolithiasis (6.0 +/- 1.6 mm) proves not to be an additional factor for CBD widening in comparison with patients without stone disease. The CBD of these very elderly subjects shows a considerable increase in comparison with the recommended borderline values in the ultrasound literature. An upper limit of 10 mm seems reasonable for patients with and without cholecystolithiasis. A significant increase in CBD width after cholecystectomy was found and measurements up to 14 mm may occur. Measurements have to be correlated with clinical and laboratory findings.
Results: Mean diameter of CBD ranged from 2.3 to 9.5 mm. The mean of the mean diameter of 277 subjects was 4.65±1.39 mm. The diameter of the CBD significantly increased with age (p<0.05), and are not significantly related to gender.
Material and method: In this retrospective study, CBD measurements were performed on axial oblique images, perpendicular to the long axis of the distal CBD. The mean diameter of the normal CBD was measured in 277 patients. The patients were divided into 7 groups according to their age. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare data obtained from the seven age groups.
Background: Computed tomography (CT) is widely used in diagnosis of biliary disorders in adults yet there is no data on the normal common bile duct (CBD) size of the average Thai adult. This study attempts to establish a reference normal measurement for CBD diameter for the Thai population.
Conclusion: Diameter of CBD shows a considerable increase with age. The largest diameter of the CBD is up to 6.4 mm in patients who less than 60 years. An upper limit of 8 mm appears reasonable after the age of 60.
Study design: International prospective observational multicenter trial. Study population: Patients ≥18 years old, referred for EUS-guided tissue sampling or evaluation of resectability of a pancreatic, a distal bile duct lesion or a carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater determining obstructive jaundice.
Objectives: To evaluate the size of the CBD in a large cohort of patients with jaundice secondary to pancreatic head or distal bile duct malignancy undergoing diagnostic EUS for tissue acquisition or evaluation of resectability and to establish factors associated with a dilation of the CBD greater than 15mm.
Rationale: The size of the common bile duct (CBD) may influence the type of stent used and the type of the procedure performed in cases of EUS-guided biliary drainage. However, no data of the size of the CBD in patients with jaundice presenting with a pancreatic head mass or with a distal cholangiocarcinoma/ carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater are available.
Intervention: EUS examination Main study parameters/endpoints: measurement of the CBD in patients with an obstructive distal biliary mass. Determine the factors associated with a CBD greater than 15mm Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Measurement of the CBD during EUS examination does not add additional risks to the procedure.