cbd usada

December 15, 2021 By admin Off

The US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) puts it this way: “Many products which claim to be pure CBD extract or oil from the cannabis plant have traces of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) or other cannabinoids. Thus, a consumer who buys a CBD oil, extract, or other CBD product should be aware that there is a high likelihood it is a mixture of CBD and other prohibited cannabinoids, such as THC.” ​

But the complex molecular profile of many CBD products means steadfast anti-doping guarantees remain difficult to achieve for a category seeking a legitimate seat at the table of clean sports performance.

USADA special advisor Amy Eichner told us anti-doping labs “ ​ can test for and detect other cannabinoids ​ ” ​ of which there are more than 100 in common industrial hemp extracts – and all of which are banned by WADA in-competition except CBD (cannabidiol) along with THC below a certain threshold.

Separation issues in the close knit cannabinoid family ​

“The sports nutrition category was slow to adopt CBD, but it’s now appearing in various products including pre-workout formulas, recovery drinks, and post-workout products,” ​ said Rick Collins, partner at Collins, Gann, McCloskey & Barry in New York. “But drug-tested athletes use CBD products at their own risk.” ​

“O ​ ur recommendation to athletes is to not use any cannabinoid product, such as a CBD preparation, during or close to a competition ​ ,” ​Eichner said.

The main formulation challenge lies in the difficulty in extracting and isolating CBD from industrial hemp – hemp cannabinoids like to stick together and traces of the other 100+ cannabinoids invariably remain.

However, the current legal status at the federal level is that it is unlawful to sell CBD in dietary supplements and it’s unlawful for companies to market CBD as a medication to treat diseases or illnesses of any type. The FDA has issued numerous warning letters to companies selling such products. Athletes who choose to use CBD products should be aware that those products are not evaluated or approved by the FDA.

Although cannabidiol (CBD) is permitted according to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), all other cannabinoids are still prohibited in-competition. It’s important to realize that CBD products may still contain prohibited cannabinoid components, such as THC. Athletes subject to anti-doping rules are strictly liable for any substance found in their blood or urine. As such, there are still risks for athletes when it comes to CBD products.

Around the world, there is only one other CBD product approved for medical use. The oral spray, used to treat pain related to multiple sclerosis, is not approved in the United States by the FDA.

Is CBD legal?

No, the purified chemical compound “cannabidiol” is not prohibited. But remember, it is very difficult, if not impossible, to obtain a pure CBD extract or oil from the cannabis plant. This is true regardless of whether CBD is extracted from the hemp variety or the marijuana variety of the cannabis plant. WADA has only exempted CBD from the Prohibited List; they have not exempted any other cannabinoid. Anyone who buys a CBD oil, extract, or other CBD product should be aware that, like any other supplement or alternative health product, it may be contaminated with prohibited substances, such as other cannabinoids.

In sport, THC has a reporting threshold of 150ng/mL, which means that if the WADA-accredited laboratories detect THC below that level in the urine, it won’t be considered a positive test. All other cannabinoids are prohibited in-competition at any presence level and do not have a reporting threshold. The presence of any amount in your system during the in-competition period is prohibited.

Cannabinoids can also stay in your body long after you have used them. When choosing to use a substance out-of-competition that is prohibited only in-competition, athletes should be aware that complete washout of those substances and their metabolites cannot be easily predicted. You can read more about the clearance times of medications.

Learn more below to better understand the risks of using CBD products.

Most importantly, it’s very difficult to extract ONLY CBD, regardless of whether it is extracted from the hemp variety of the cannabis plant or the marijuana variety. Athletes should assume most CBD oils or extracts contain a mixture of cannabinoids, not just CBD.

Cannabidiol is one of more than 115 identified cannabinoids produced naturally by the cannabis plant. It is different from THC (the psychoactive compound in cannabis) because it has a different chemical structure.

A JAMA study published by the American Medical Association in November 2017 documents the mislabeling of some CBD products. The study found that 69 percent of the products examined contained different levels of CBD than what was identified on the label. THC was detected in 21 percent of the products tested, and the THC content in some of those products was enough to produce intoxication or impairment.

What is cannabidiol (CBD)?

Societal opinions about cannabinoids have changed significantly over the last decade, and the FDA does have plans to review and possibly alter their approval process for cannabinoid-based products. Furthermore, many states have their own laws relating to cannabinoids and more specifically CBD.

Yes, there are a number of companies that will certify CBD products for use in sport. It is important to remember that third party certification reduces, but does not eliminate, the possibility that a product contains substances prohibited by WADA. The only way to have zero risk is to not use such products.

If an athlete happens to get a CBD oil that is very low in THC and other cannabinoids, or if they stop using a product in time to help ensure that any THC or other cannabinoids are cleared from their body, then the use of a CBD product will not cause the athlete to incur an anti-doping rule violation. Unfortunately, it is impossible to know how much THC or other cannabinoids are in a CBD product just from looking at the label, and it is impossible to predict how each athlete will metabolize and excrete THC or other cannabinoids (for more information, please see USADA’s article on clearance times). The use of any CBD product is at the athlete’s own risk.

Yes, there is currently one FDA-approved prescription CBD product, called Epidiolex, for the treatment of seizures associated with two rare and severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.

So far, there isn’t a lot of data on the health risks of CBD. Initial studies suggest is it fairly well tolerated, and that it is not likely to cause dependence or abuse. The adverse events and side effects of CBD that have been reported appear to be related to interactions with prescription medications. Since there is interest in CBD for treating various conditions, there is ongoing research into its safety profile, which may produce more information in the future.

Why are CBD products risky for athletes subject to anti-doping rules?

Because it’s nearly impossible to extract only CBD from the cannabis plant, athletes should assume that CBD products are probably mixtures of CBD and other prohibited cannabinoids , including THC, CBN, CBG, etc. Depending on whether the CBD was extracted from a high-THC plant (more than 0.3 percent THC, or marijuana) or a low-THC plant (less than 0.3 percent or hemp), different CBD preparations could have differing levels of THC.

However, there are significant and well-understood health risks from using marijuana.

As the field of regenerative medicine has advanced in recent years, athletes have increasingly turned to therapies that utilize biological substances, such as stem cells, to heal sports injuries faster. Researchers are still investigating the use of biological treatments, and their potential efficacy, but given the complicated and rapidly evolving nature of regenerative medicine, we share some of the most important information that athletes need to know about stem cell therapies.