cbd vs thc for sleepDecember 15, 2021
CBD comes in many forms, including oils, extracts, capsules, patches, vapes, and topical preparations for use on skin. If you’re hoping to reduce inflammation and relieve muscle and joint pain, a topical CBD-infused oil, lotion or cream – or even a bath bomb — may be the best option. Alternatively, a CBC patch or a tincture or spray designed to be placed under the tongue allows CBD to directly enter the bloodstream.
CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status has been in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. In 2018, the Farm Bill made hemp legal in the United States, making it virtually impossible to keep CBD illegal – that would be like making oranges legal, but keeping orange juice illegal.
Animal studies, and self-reports or research in humans, suggest CBD may also help with:
People taking high doses of CBD may show abnormalities in liver related blood tests. Many non-prescription drugs, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), have this same effect. So, you should let your doctor know if you are regularly using CBD.
The Farm Bill removed all hemp-derived products, including CBD, from the Controlled Substances Act, which criminalizes the possession of drugs. In essence, this means that CBD is legal if it comes from hemp, but not if it comes from cannabis (marijuana) – even though it is the exact same molecule. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical marijuana license, which is legal in most states.
Is CBD safe?
Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability. CBD can increase the level of blood thinning and other medicines in your blood by competing for the liver enzymes that break down these drugs. Grapefruit has a similar effect with certain medicines.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, a cousin of marijuana, or manufactured in a laboratory. One of hundreds of components in marijuana, CBD does not cause a “high” by itself. According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
Cannabidiol (CBD) is often covered in the media, and you may see it touted as an add-in booster to your post-workout smoothie or morning coffee. You can even buy a CBD-infused sports bra. But what exactly is CBD? And why is it so popular?
CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some of the cruelest childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which typically don’t respond to antiseizure medications. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and, in some cases, stop them altogether. Epidiolex, which contains CBD, is the first cannabis-derived medicine approved by the FDA for these conditions.
Outside of the US, the prescription drug Sativex, which uses CBD as an active ingredient, is approved for muscle spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis and for cancer pain. Within the US, Epidiolex is approved for certain types of epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis.
Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer or COVID-19, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may prove to be a helpful, relatively non-toxic option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies, we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD currently is typically available as an unregulated supplement, it’s hard to know exactly what you are getting.
A significant safety concern with CBD is that it is primarily marketed and sold as a supplement, not a medication. Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements. So, you cannot be sure that the product you buy has active ingredients at the dose listed on the label. In addition, the product may contain other unknown elements. We also don’t know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any particular medical condition.
If you decide to try CBD, make sure you are getting it from a reputable source. And talk with your doctor to make sure that it won’t affect any other medicines you take.
How is cannabidiol different from marijuana, cannabis and hemp?
The evidence for cannabidiol health benefits.
“In a year filled with challenges, we saw a surge in consumers placing orders for cannabis products marketed to help with sleep issues, highlighting one of the many health issues Americans are facing during the pandemic,” Ganja Goddess CEO Zachary Pitts wrote in an email.
Besides these relaxing terpenes, Plus Products’ sleep gummies contain the cannabinoids CBD and THC, as well as the lesser-known CBN.
In a small survey of 34 consumers who took 30mg of Papa and Barkley CBD daily for two weeks, respondents reported a 10-minute decrease in the time it took to fall asleep and a 24-minute increase in total sleep time after only seven days of use. Grossman says that both ingestible and topical CBD products can help manage inflammation and boost the body’s natural recovery processes, which promotes better sleep. He also notes that Papa and Barkley uses a proprietary infusion process that retains the natural profile of cannabinoids, phytonutrients, and terpenes, the compounds in cannabis that give the plant its characteristic albeit varying aroma.
CBD And Sleep.
To deal with the stress associated with the Covid-19 outbreak, many have turned to cannabis for help. A recent Harris Poll survey found that half of cannabis consumers were replacing or reducing their alcohol consumption with marijuana during the pandemic. At the same time, California cannabis delivery service Ganja Goddess saw a whopping 635% increase in revenue for products marketed to support sleep.
“We believe the full spectrum of these naturally occurring compounds work together to provide better results, including improved sleep,” explains Grossman.
“First, taking CBD on a daily basis helps many people regulate systemic bodily functions and biorhythms, including the sleep cycle. It has a noticeable calming effect once it builds up in your system” Grossman said in a virtual interview. “Second, our CBD topicals can help improve sleep by reducing joint discomfort and muscle soreness, conditions that often affect a good night’s sleep in athletes and older people.”
Papa and Barkley manufactures a variety of THC-rich products for California’s regulated market, as well as a line produced from hemp that is available nationwide. Grossman says that anecdotal feedback has shown that the company’s oral products such as CBD drops and capsules can promote a better night’s sleep in two ways.
“As people grapple with anxiety and insomnia, they are turning to cannabis because of its effectiveness and ease of treating such a variety of stress-related conditions,” he added.
Up to 70 million Americans are affected by sleep disorders, leading to myriad cannabis products . [+] designed to support healthy sleep.
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Much of the attention for cannabis as a sleep aid has been focused on cannabidiol (CBD), one of the more than 100 compounds known as cannabinoids that are found in marijuana and hemp. Some research has shown that high doses of CBD may support sleep, and Adam Grossman, the founder and executive chairman of Papa and Barkley, notes that “CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system to help it achieve balance and regulate its normal functions. CBD has shown to be great for helping to reduce stress and discomfort from normal inflammation, two issues that make it difficult to fall asleep.”
Terpenes are produced by many plants and are commonly found in essential oils used for aromatherapy. Chamomile, for example, has been used for centuries thanks to its ability to help calm the nervous system and other benefits, says Bethany Stiles, the founder and CEO of Empress Teas. And when paired with a water-soluble form of CBD, the result is an Evening Blend tea that combines the benefits of two herbs that have been used since ancient times.
“Chamomile and cannabis have both been used for medical and spiritual purposes for thousands and thousands of years,” Stiles wrote in an email. “While the chamomile flower has been noted as being discovered in ancient Egypt, cannabis has been used since 500 B.C. for hemp and textiles and later to consumable forms helping everything from asthma and anxiety to cleansing rituals and spiritual healing.”
Terpenes are also an important element of cannabis gummies produced to enhance sleep from Plus Products. Ari Mackler, the chief scientific officer for the licensed California brand, says that the company’s “proprietary formulation now includes terpenes selected for their sleep-inducing properties: β-Myrcene and Limonene for relaxing and calming effects, β Caryophyllene for stress-reducing effects, and Linalool for sedative and pain-relieving properties.”
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For many cannabis users, a few puffs of some potent, heady indica flower will promote relaxation and support healthy sleep just fine. But if smoking isn’t your style, you’ll likely find a vast selection of cannabis products designed to promote sleep at a licensed dispensary.
CBD may help ease inflammation that can lead to sleep problems.
If you are having trouble getting a good night’s sleep these days, you’re not alone. Up to 70 million people are affected by sleep disorders, according to data from the National Institutes of Health, and consumers are spending $70 billion a year on sleep aids, 65% of which goes to medications. And let’s be honest, the past year hasn’t been terribly conducive to getting a good dose of shuteye. In fact, a recent study found that a substantial portion of the general population was affected by sleep disorders during the coronavirus pandemic, often leading to impacts on mental health.
“Cannabinol (CBN) is a natural metabolite of THC, the principal intoxicating component of cannabis. Research suggests it is associated with cannabis’ sedating effects,” Mackler explained. “CBN appears to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which in turn, can affect the function of many hormones and neurotransmitters that are involved with mood, energy, and sleep. Some research has suggested that CBN’s sleep-associated effects are amplified when consumed in combination with THC.”
Cannabis contains compounds called terpenes, some of which can help promote sleep.