how to use cbd terpenes

December 15, 2021 By admin Off

Bisabolol is a fragrant terpene that offers calming effects. It is found mainly in chamomile, but it also occurs in high concentrations in a less popular plant — The candeia tree in Brazil. This terpene is widely used in the skincare space due to its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties .

You can find beta-caryophyllene in cloves, cinnamon, black pepper, and broccoli. It’s one of the most promising terpenes in terms of their therapeutic effects. It’s also known as “the dietary cannabinoid” because it can similarly interact with cannabinoid receptors to cannabinoids. This mechanism enables beta-caryophyllene to reduce pain and inflammation .

Here are the most abundant terpenes in CBD oil — with their health benefits explained.

If your cannabis strain has a floral smell, it’s probably high in linalool. This terpene is commonly found in chamomile and lavender. Hemp companies often use it in topical creams and ointments for its soothing scent and calming effects .

Terpenes offer a wealth of health benefits on their own. However, they can also modulate the effects of cannabinoids, including CBD and THC. Humans have evolved to consume cannabinoids, and the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is soundproof that. Both cannabinoids and terpenes can interact with the receptors in the ECS to help the body maintain homeostasis — biochemical balance between all systems and organs.


The study’s authors concluded that taking twice the amount of a THC isolate had no impact on its therapeutic effects except that the high was dull and more trippy — triggering anxiety and paranoia more often than even the high-THC strains.

Simply put, the effects of CBD are modulated by terpenes; otherwise, they would be bland, and its benefits weakened.

The entourage effect has been studied by scientists since its introduction in 1998, when Raphael Mechoulam, the father of cannabis research, discovered that whole-plant extracts could produce more pronounced therapeutic effects than every compound from these extracts used in isolation.

Terpenes are a scientific name to describe aromatic compounds that we all interact with within our everyday lives.

Researchers and phytopharmacologists interested in the health benefits of cannabis have been investigating the influence of terpenes on cannabis extracts for decades.

CBD oil is just one of the plethora of natural products containing terpenes.

Another interesting study on this phenomenon found that cannabis strains with equal or higher ratios of CBD to THC can improve the plant’s therapeutic potential up to 4 times as much as THC alone .

Terpenes are known for providing cannabis plants with appealing aromas. Still, at the same time, they also contribute to the entourage effect, increasing the therapeutic potential of other CBD and other cannabinoids. That’s the primary reason why most people choose full-spectrum CBD over isolates. Full-spectrum CBD comes from the whole plant, reflecting its original phytochemical profile.

Which terpenes do you like the most in CBD oil? Do you prefer citrusy notes, or are you into floral and earthy hints?


The entourage effect isn’t unique to terpenes. For example, CBD is known to counteract the psychotropic potential of THC, which may prove useful for people who are sensitive to high doses of the latter. CBD can be used to balance the intoxication from THC, resulting in a more clear-headed sensation.

Most of the time, terpenes are included in a CBD extract. Sometimes, however, hemp companies separate and reintroduce them to the end product to create different ratios and make a broad-spectrum product or enhance the efficacy of CBD distillates.

The entourage effect assumes a unique relationship between cannabis, terpenes, and flavonoids in cannabis. When the said molecules are consumed in the form of dried flowers or as an oily extract, they enhance the efficacy of CBD and THC while mitigating potentially unwanted reactions.

For cannabis and terpenes, abundance and diversity are the names of the game.

After CO2 extraction, the hemp extract contains all naturally occurring compounds in hemp. The product can be left unfiltered and sold as “raw CBD oil” or undergo fractional distillation. True to its name, this process isolates individual compounds and places them in different chambers to be reintroduced to the final product.

But did you know that terpenes are more than just about aromas and flavors? They can also interact with THC and other cannabinoids to create a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.


Terpenes are highly volatile, aromatic compounds found in all plants — not only cannabis. However, as we’ve mentioned earlier, cannabis is particularly abundant in these molecules.

This concept was further elaborated on by Dr. Ethan Bud Russo, a neuroscientist, and cannabis expert, in his work “Taming THC: Cannabis Synergy and Phytocannabinoid-Terpenoid Interactions.”

You may often hear people using the words “terpenes” and “terpenoids” interchangeably — are they right?

Terpenes and terpenoids have slightly different chemical structures. Terpenes are found in living cannabis plants in their trichomes (hormonal glands) located on the surface of their flowers. Terpenoids start to form when you dry and cure the herb. These two processes change the molecular makeup of terpenes.

Manufacturers add terpenes using a process known as fractional distillation. Here’s how they do it with CBD oils and vape pens.

Terpenoids are commonly combined with other natural ingredients to create perfumes, essential oils, and spices. Researchers suggest that terpenoids can lower, increase, or change the potency and duration of the effects induced by cannabinoids aside from giving the buds their unique fragrances and flavors.

Terpenes are generally considered safe. These organic substances can have a range of positive effects on our health. For instance, they can indirectly increase dopamine levels, positively affecting our mood; terpenes are also known for their stress-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties on top of being able to enhance the therapeutic properties of cannabis.

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in plants. You may not be surprised to learn, as a result, that they also feature in cannabis! That signature smell you get a whiff of every time you pass by someone smoking up? Those are terpenes.

According to research, specific terpenes may also have medicinal properties. For example, this study from 2014, published in the Iranian Journal of Microbiology , suggests that pinene and limonene have antiviral properties.

Each terpene has different actions, and these likely contribute to the varying effects — and varying smells — of different cannabis strains. Also, each strain contains different terpenes and in unique quantities, which likely affects the type and duration of the high that is experienced.

What Are Terpenes – And Why Are They Related to Cannabis?

Make your creation by following this lemon drizzle cake recipe, but replace the canna-oil with CBD terpene oil.

Other options include rubbing terpene oil directly onto your temples to soothe your head. Particular scents may achieve this better than others.

Finally, you can use terpenes in topical form. One way to do this is to blend the terpene oil with your other cosmetics, mixing them into lotions and creams. Specific terpenes may have anti-inflammatory properties, for example, that will benefit you through topical use.

More traditionally, you can use a diffuser. These can come in the form of reed diffusers, which are free of electricity and very simple to use. You can also get electric ones that emit a powerful aroma with the terpene-inspired aroma profile of your choice. To use these, simply add a terpene oil blend to the diffuser and allow it to work its magic.

Understanding the difference b…

Secondly, you need to use the right amount. Terpenes typically aren’t intended to be used at full-strength, so you will usually need to dilute them in some way.

How to Use Terpenes Effectively.

However, terpenes have become so popular that companies now sell them alone. You can purchase bottles of terpenes, much like a CBD tincture. But what do you actually do with them?

When people ask ‘how to use terpene oil,’ they’re most commonly referring to how to use them in a vape device or CBD vape oil. It’s important to understand that you cannot vape terpene oils on their own . Vaporizing requires an e-liquid base, consisting usually of a blend of propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG).

Firstly, and most commonly, there is aromatherapy. This practice takes on many forms, as technically lighting a scented candle is a form of aromatherapy. Similarly, wax melts are commonly used. Not only can terpene oils make your house smell lovely, but they may provide some aromatherapy benefits.

The complete guide to this new…


There are multiple ways to use terpenes. If you’re interested in buying a bottle, there’s no sense in letting it go to waste by using it wrong. Here are some common ways to use terpenes, including the ones that you can buy from CBD brands.

Our top recommendation would be a canna-lemon drizzle cake. Take your favorite full-spectrum CBD oil, and mix it together with limonene terpenes. Alternatively, take a zesty terpene blend such as Jack Herer.

The great thing about using terpene oils is you can switch up your terpene profiles according to the aromatherapeutic benefits you’d like to achieve.

Of course, terpenes also smell and taste good. Limonene, for example, provides a pleasant citrus flavor and is commonly found in the rind of fruits like lemons. (This is another reason many terpenes are used in aromatherapy – they make the room smell good at the same time!)

There are some common terpenes found in cannabis, including humulene, myrcene, pinene, linalool, and more. Some rarer additions, such as ocimene, are also found in certain strains.

Limonene is a terpene produced in the aromatic resin glands of the hemp and cannabis plant. It is known for having an assortment of fruity aromas used in everyday items such as household cleaning products, cosmetics, CBD tinctures, and fruit rinds. Today, limonene is being used more in the health industry than ever before, especially as a treatment solution for stress and anxiety.

What are CBD terpenes? Before we begin talking about what cannabis terpenes are, the benefits of terpenes, and why CBD oil is more effective, there are some critical factors to point out and consider. As more CBD products come to the market or new CBD users are looking to use them. It’s essential to understand what separates the good from the best. Unfortunately, it’s easy to get misinformed because our industry is so new, and there aren’t proper regulations and oversight.

These are just four of the 200 or so CBD oil terpenes found in the hemp plant alone!

Humulene: The Alpha Anti-Inflammatory Agent.

Terpenes are found nearly in all plants globally, and their primary function is to give plants their smell and act as a repellent against bugs, insects, or other creatures that pose threats. Terpenes also have many health benefits, which we outlined above, such as anti-inflammatory, stress relief, mood enhancer, & more.

When shopping for CBD products, the most important thing is that not all extraction and purification processes are equal.

The study found that attention direction had no effect on mood and anxiety but altered both perceived pain intensity and unpleasantness. In comparison, a pleasant and unpleasant odor changed mood, anxiety, and pain unpleasantness ratings but did not significantly affect perceived pain intensity.

A study from 2009 published in the International Journal of Neuroscience found that the effects of terpenes can be explained by the pharmacological or psychological aspect, which is quite impressive. The pharmacological aspect found that terpenes can do what they do by directly interacting and affecting our nervous system, central nervous system, and endocrine systems.

Beta-Caryophyllene is a very common, the second most dominant terpene, and abundant terpene found in cannabis. It is known to act as a cannabinoid since it directly interacts with our Endocannabinoid System, specifically the CB2 receptor. Beta-Caryophyllene is also found in fungi, cloves, hops, rosemary, and copaiba. It has a distinctive flavor of the spiciness of black pepper. Beta-Caryophyllene is said to be a “therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammation, pain, atherosclerosis, and osteoporosis.”

They concluded that both the pharmacological and psychological aspects contribute to the effect of cannabis terpenes. There is good evidence showing that terpenes do have direct physiological effects on our internal systems. Still, there is evidence associating terpenes’ smell to alter our mood and state of mind positively or negatively. This is not to say that cannabis terpenes have no “real” effect on our body, but they might vary from person to person.

According to Dr. Russo’s study found that “phytocannabinoid-terpenoid preparation” could help with depression, anxiety, cognitive function, and addiction. In a Wikileaf article, the terpene myrcene, the most common cannabis terpene found in cannabis strains and hemp, helps with the potency of cannabinoids in their ability to alter our blood-brain barrier.

The Importance of What CBD Terpenes Are and Why People Should Pay Attention.

According to a 2004 published study by the National Library of Medicine recently revised in 2020, limonene is a terpene composed of a racemic mixture of limonene. The extracted limonene oils have shown progress in aiding chemotherapy patients and improving beta-signaling for stress and anxiety relief.

The only way to know if a CBD product contains terpenes is to look for the company’s third-party lab reports and look into their terpene profile test. To learn more about third-party lab reports, make sure to check out a blog post on them as we explain in-depth while keeping it very simple with pictures and visuals.

On top of the studies regarding terpenes interacting with our system, there is evidence suggesting that terpenes may enhance or alter based on the psychological process through smell.

On the other hand, the psychological aspect argues that the reason behind what terpenes do is how “odors exert their effects through emotional learning, conscious perception, and belief/expectations” rather than direct interactions with systems in our body.

A 2003 study among 15 subjects ranging from 18 to 34 years of age found that odors can produce mood states that modulate the pain intensity, pain unpleasantness, mood, and anxiety or calmness. This study compared how altering attention away from pain or mood compared to the smell of odor and how it affected pain and mood.

How do Terpenes Enhance the Effects of CBD?

In another study conducted in 2009 involving rats, researchers found that inhaling linalool showed anti-stress effects when the rats were exposed to stressful conditions. They also found that linalool helped the rat’s stress levels return to normal, similar to CBD, and how it functions as homeostasis.

Simultaneously, caryophyllene and beta-caryophyllene lemon compounds help with neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, and stress. Alpha and Beta-Pinene offer antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Much like limonene’s lemon compound, it can help with mood, heartburn, and pain.

Terpenes are present in plant oils, while currently, there are about 20,000 known terpenes. What is fascinating about the world of cannabis/hemp is that at least 200 of these known terpenes are created by the marijuana/hemp plant alone.

Terpenes possess many health benefits, but they play a crucial role in synergically working with cannabinoids , known as the Entourage Effect. Studies have shown that cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, with terpenes, are much more effective when cannabis terpenes are present because terpenes help cannabinoids alter the blood-brain barrier—influencing the number of cannabinoids that can pass through that barrier and connecting with your Endocannabinoid System.

A study conducted in 2007 published by ScienceDirect revealed that when two separate sesquiterpenes: trans-caryophyllene and a-humulene, were used as an oral treatment in lab rats, the mice were given a-humulene showed a reduction in swelling. While more conclusive evidence needs further research, alpha humulene presents itself as an effective anti-inflammatory agent.

Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts, by Russo and McPartland, explain how terpenes can enhance the effects of cannabinoids when present. They say that “cannabis terpenoids and flavonoids may also increase cerebral blood flow, enhance cortical activity, kill respiratory pathogens, and provide anti-inflammatory activity.”