is cbd legal in indiaDecember 15, 2021
The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (NDPS Act) outlaws the recreational use of cannabis. The NDPS Act, however, does not apply to the leaves and seeds of cannabis plants. In case the CBD is extracted from the leaves of the cannabis, then technically it is not illegal. CBD oil manufactured under a licence issued by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 can be legally used. However, the use of cannabis as a medicine is not much prevalent in India. The recent controversy about the use of drugs in Bollywood has further stigmatised the usage of CBD.
CBD is extracted from marijuana plants as either an oil or powder. These can be mixed into creams or gels. They can be put into capsules and taken orally, or rubbed on your skin. All topicals (cannabis-infused products) should be applied directly to the site of inflammation or pain to work in a specific area.
CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. The high that is caused by the consumption of cannabis is due to THC. CBD, however, does not cause a “high” or any form of intoxication. CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.
📣 Express Explained is now on Telegram . Click here to join our channel (@ieexplained) and stay updated with the latest.
Cannabidiol has effects on the brain, preventing the breakdown of a chemical that aggravates pain and affects mood, and mental function. It can reduce pain and anxiety. It also reduces psychotic symptoms associated with conditions such as schizophrenia as well as epilepsy.
Is CBD oil helpful in the treatment of cancer?
There is not enough robust scientific evidence to prove that CBD oil can safely and effectively treat cancer. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed that CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain associated with cancer. Studies have long shown that people who took marijuana extracts in clinical trials tended to need less pain medicine. The US-based National Cancer Institute says that CBD may help alleviate side-effects of cancer treatment.
Earlier this week, late actor Irrfan Khan’s wife Sutapa Sikdar made an appeal to legalise CBD oil in India. Her appeal followed the criticism of actor Rhea Chakrabaorty after it was reported that she had administered CBD oil, used as a pain reliever for some, to Sushant Singh Rajput when he was alive. What is CBD oil? What are its effects? Is its use and consumption legal in India?
📣 The Indian Express is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines.
What are the effects of Cannabidiol?
CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is an extract derived from Cannabis sativa (marijuana plant). CBD oil contains only CBD as the active ingredient after excluding tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes. It does not have the same psychoactivity but becomes an effective sedative and hallucinogenic substance, an eminent cure for relieving pain and other symptoms without the mind-altering effects of marijuana or certain pharmaceutical drugs. The oil is made from the CBD extract of the cannabis plant and further diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil. Due to its therapeutic benefit, CBD is gaining momentum in the health sciences in order to ease chronic pain and anxiety.
What are its uses?
CBD or CBD oil shouldn’t be used without medical prescription or supervision. Verify the proper method and use it with your doctor to ensure your safety and avoid potentially harmful interactions.
Though there is much to be researched about the efficacy and safety of CBD, recent studies prove it as a safe, powerful natural treatment for many health issues. The legality of the CBD depends upon its nature and derivation like Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal for medical use at the central level but still illegal under some state laws. The Marijuana-derived CBD is illegal under the central level but remains legal under some state laws. However, the nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approved.
The mention of CBD oil in the WhatsApp chats retrieved by the NCB has sent the common men in a tizzy. The CBD oil is easily available online and many people can buy it without presenting any prescription by the doctor. With more people from the film industry coming under NCB’s radar, here are a few things that a common man needs to know about buying or procuring CBD oil or whether you can be landed in legal trouble because of it. Also Read – Nearly 6 Crore People in India Are Addicted to Alcohol, Cannabis: Report.
“A 2019 study on substance abuse by the Ministry of Social Justice estimated that 2.8 percent of Indians consume cannabis. That comes to around 3 crore Indians. Delhi and Mumbai are among the highest cannabis consuming cities in the world,” reported the Print . Further, cannabis in India was legal until the year 1985 and was banned under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985. However, a few contents extracted from cannabis are still legal and come with certain guidelines of usage. Also Read – Brucellosis Outbreak in China Affects Over 3000 People: Know All About This Highly Contagious Disease.
CBD Oil has medicinal properties and is used for its pain-relieving effects, reducing anxiety and depression. As per Harvard research, CBD is a component of Marijuana and it does not cause high. CBD oil is a 40% extract of the Cannabis plant. In fact, CBD oil is legal in India and other countries too. According to reports, India is one of the biggest consumers of CBD oil.
CBD Oil is available online and people who have bought it are freaking out thinking if they have done something illegal. Read on to know if one is allowed to buy cannabidiol in our country or not.
If you are watching television or reading news, you must have come across the word Cannabidiol, better known as CBD oil. For the averse, in a Whatsapp chat between actor Rhea Chakraborty (prime accused in the Sushant Singh Rajput death case) and Jaya Saha (SSR’s former manager), there was a mention of CBD oil, that later became a talking point. Also Read – Brucellosis Outbreak: Read Why India Needs to Take Precautions Right Away.
A report in Times of India suggested that cannabidiol (CBD oil) helps in relieving health problems if taken in the prescribed amount. It also helps in anxiety, depression, joint pains, insomnia, and some heart-related issues. The daily reported that only CBD products extracted from hemp are legal to buy and use in our country. However, any of these products with the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content higher than 0.3 per cent will fall in the category of cannabis and will turn illegal under the NDPS act. The major issue with many products that are being sold online is that they don’t mention the content description and there’s no way of finding out if the product carries THC content higher or lower than 0.3 per cent.
Answering the same query, advocate Ayaz Khan told the daily, “I got a lot of queries from various clients, friends because of the media frenzy. My team found that this oil may not be covered as an offence under the NDPS Act.”
Will you be jailed for buying CBD oil?
What is CBD Oil?
So while the usage of CBD oil is not illegal and you can’t be imprisoned, it’s advisable that you check twice with your doctor before its usage and not go buying it without being sure about the guidelines under the NDPS act.