is cbd legal in moDecember 15, 2021
Wondering about the legality of cannabidiol? Usually, it depends on its source, as CBD can be derived either from hemp or marijuana variety of cannabis plant. However, Missouri is still on its way to legalizing medical marijuana.
Given the growing popularity of CBD oil, the market is developing extremely fast in the U.S., and buying CBD oil in Missouri should be fairly easy . With the legality of hemp and hemp-derived CBD oil in the state, there is a wide selection of vape shops, CBD stores, and other places where you can get CBD-infused products.
Want to learn the rules on buying CBD oil in Missouri? Here is a complete guide on the state’s policies on both hemp and marijuana-derived CBD oil. Later on, we’ll reveal the most recommended CBD stores in Missouri. Here we go!
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Missouri?
Although it may seem easy to buy these cannabidiol-infused goods locally, sometimes it’s hard to find a trustworthy local CBD retailer that would offer top-notch products. Thus, if you don’t feel like traveling around the state, consider purchasing CBD oil online.
Cannabidiol is the second most popular active compound in the cannabis plant. With the growing buzz around CBD as one of the best health and wellness products on the market , more and more retailers are popping up across the states, and Missouri is no exception. In fact, the state is home to a large concentration of CBD shops.
Buying CBD goods online comes with a wide range of benefits. It’s not only easy and convenient, but it also gives you access to the abundance of manufacturers who sell their products online. Moreover, many online CBD retailers offer attractive wholesale deals .
How to make sure that the particular retailer is worth your trust? Always make sure their products are non-GMO certified and made from 100% organic hemp . As for the method of extraction, it’s best if your CBD company uses CO2 to extract its oil. Additionally, check whether or not the company is open about the 3rd party lab testing results, proving the best potency and purity of their products.
BUYING CBD OIL ONLINE IN MISSOURI.
Rather than wait for state lawmakers to figure out CBD laws, many business owners in Missouri have chosen to start selling hemp-derived CBD oil and other CBD products — even after the raid that occurred in November 2018. Because Missouri has not regulated or formally recognized CBD as legal, there are no clear statistics on how many retailers are currently selling CBD products.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the cannabis plant’s two most prevalent cannabinoids. Generally speaking, THC produces marijuana’s intoxicating effects, while CBD is a non-intoxicating compound and reportedly provides numerous therapeutic and medicinal qualities.
Although the new law does not explicitly address hemp-derived CBD, many legal experts, including a cannabis law specialist who shared insight with the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, believe that HB 2034 clearly legalizes CBD and CBD oil — so long as they come from legal hemp plants and contain less than 0.3% THC. But these interpretations were called into question in November 2018 when law enforcement raided a chain of head shops. In the bust, police seized all CBD products and charged the store owner with felony delivery of a controlled substance. Ultimately, a judge dismissed the charge, but the incident seems to suggest that law enforcement agencies in Missouri remain very confused about the state’s CBD laws.
Finally, CBD isolate is a product that has gone through more intensive processing to remove everything except for CBD. Consuming isolate may produce different effects than full or broad-spectrum CBD, as these products do not produce the entourage effect.
For now, Missouri’s MHERP program remains in effect. At the same time, shops selling CBD products, including CBD oil, continue popping up all over the state without regard for MHERP requirements, and the majority of them operate without running into any legal problems.
The federal legislation thus still highly regulates the production and sale of hemp, and its cannabinoids, including CBD. The Farm Bill also provides that states may regulate and even prohibit CBD cultivation and commerce. In addition, states may attempt to regulate CBD food, beverage, dietary supplement, and cosmetic products, independently of the FDA finalizing its views on such products.
As research remains ongoing, there is a growing body of evidence pointing to CBD’s potential efficacy in medical applications and as a health supplement.
The 2018 Farm Bill, which was signed by President Donald Trump on Dec. 20, 2018, legalized industrial hemp cultivation and created a pathway to remove this form of cannabis from Schedule 1 status by creating a legal divide: Hemp is cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC by weight, and marijuana is cannabis that contains more than 0.3% THC. Hemp-derived CBD that contained less than 0.3% THC was thus descheduled by the bill, but CBD that is derived from the marijuana plant is still considered federally illegal because marijuana remains categorized as a Schedule 1 substance. While hemp is now considered an agricultural commodity, it still must be produced and sold under regulations that implement the bill. The USDA has yet to create these regulations.
Currently, there is a lot of confusion surrounding CBD laws in Missouri. On one hand, state lawmakers passed a bill in June 2018 to remove industrial hemp from the state’s list of controlled substances; that action seemed to indicate that CBD derived from industrial hemp plants is legal. On the other hand, law enforcement agencies in Missouri have raided shops selling CBD as recently as November 2018, leaving many in the state uncertain of CBD’s legal status. Despite this confusion, Missouri continues to see an explosion in the number of brick and mortar shops selling CBD oil and other CBD products.
Because Missouri has not explicitly legalized CBD oil and other CBD products, there are no codified labeling requirements. However, most reputable CBD producers will typically include the following information on their CBD product labels:
When it comes to online sales, CBD is most frequently found on brand-specific websites. You can find CBD products from How to read CBD labels and packaging.
Even though hemp plants don’t produce enough of the cannabinoid THC to cause intoxication, all types of cannabis, including hemp, were considered illegal under the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act. The legislation swept all cannabis into the Schedule 1 category, which defined cannabis as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction.
Broad-spectrum means that the product contains CBD and terpenes, but has undergone additional processes to strip out any THC.
A patient who purchases CBD oil through the MHERP program is limited to 20 fluid ounces of CBD oil and the product must contain at least 5% CBD and no more than 0.3% THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps.
New formulations of CBD allow the cannabinoid to be used in a variety of ways. Photo by: (Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)
What is CBD?
The cannabis plant naturally produces more than 400 chemical compounds, at least 60 of which are cannabinoid compounds. Cannabinoids interact with the human body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) to produce a broad range of physical and psychoactive effects.
As a result, you can buy CBD oil and other CBD products both online and at numerous brick and mortar shops — just remember that these shops technically operate in a legal gray zone. Businesses selling CBD products include head shops, convenience stores, health food stores, restaurants, cafes, coffee shops, and a large number of CBD-specific retailers.
Missouri first began altering its laws regarding CBD in 2014, with the passage of HB 2238, which made it legal for patients with intractable epilepsy to purchase, possess, and consume CBD oil. Under HB 2238, qualifying patients with a doctor’s recommendation are allowed to possess up to 20 fluid ounces, or about 535 milliliters, of CBD oil containing at least 5% CBD and no more than 0.3% THC. Missouri’s CBD law is administered through the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program (MHERP). To participate, a patient with intractable epilepsy and who has a neurologist’s recommendation can apply for a MHERP card, after which they can legally purchase CBD oil. As of Sep. 1, 2019, the state has issued 432 MHERP cards to patients.
A patient who purchases CBD oil through the MHERP program is limited to 20 fluid ounces, or about 535 milliliters of CBD oil, and the product must contain at least 5% CBD and no more than 0.3% THC.
Full-spectrum means that the CBD has been extracted from a hemp plant along with all other chemicals in the plant, including terpenes and whatever trace amounts of THC the plant may have produced. Consuming full spectrum CBD may yield better results owing to the entourage effect, a phenomenon in which the entire mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes work together and complement one another inside your body.
Outside of the MHERP program, things are much more confusing and largely unregulated. Since the state has not explicitly declared whether or not hemp CBD oil is legal, there is no specified limit on how much hemp-derived CBD a person can purchase or possess.
To date, researchers have identified several potential health benefits linked to CBD, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and anti-seizure properties. Further, the chemical has shown promise in treating numerous health conditions, such as epilepsy and other seizure disorders; mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and psychosis; as well as chronic pain.
Missouri CBD laws.
In June 2018, lawmakers passed House Bill 2034, which removed industrial hemp plants containing no more than 0.3% THC from state’s list of controlled substances. While this law introduced important legal definitions of the hemp plant, as opposed to illegal marijuana plants with more than 0.3% THC, it also raised a lot of questions about CBD and CBD products.
One of the most important things to pay attention to is whether a CBD product is full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate.
The 2018 Farm Bill granted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the authority to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and its use as a food additive. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps.
The Farm Bill also granted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the authority to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and its use as a food additive. Despite the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the FDA has taken the stance that even hemp-derived CBD may not be added to food and beverages, nor marketed as dietary supplements. While the FDA has begun a process of re-evaluating its stance on such CBD products, it has yet to revise its rules or specifically regulate CBD products, leading to further confusion. The FDA has been strict when it comes to health claims and content that could be construed as medical advice about CBD.
Keep in mind that under current federal regulations, CBD companies are not allowed to label their products as medicine or health or dietary supplements. Because the FDA has so far approved only one product — Epidiolex — anything else marketing itself as medicine has not actually been officially approved as such. This type of labeling may or may not be accurate.
Patients often ask us whether CBD is legal in Missouri. Shops selling cannabidiol products are appearing all over the Show Me State, but most if not all of these retailers may be in violation of state law, which is one of the strictest in the nation. If you are thinking of purchasing that tincture or gummy product, there are a few things you will need to know first.
CBD oil is well-tolerated in most users. Side effects are usually mild and can include fatigue, diarrhea, and changes in appetite. Usually, these side effects only present themselves when cannabidiol is consumed in high doses.
In addition to the obvious fact that CBD doesn’t get you high, there are a few important distinctions between THC-based products (like THC tinctures) and CBD oil. For example, cannabidiol has shown greater effectiveness in treating seizures than THC alone. THC in high doses may actually trigger seizures in some subjects.
Is CBD Legal in Missouri?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid, an active compound that comes from the cannabis plant. It’s similar in some ways to its more famous cousin THC, except CBD is non-psychotropic (it doesn’t get you high). Instead, cannabidiol is believed to offer various therapeutic benefits.
Most conventional drug tests won’t detect cannabidiol in the bloodstream; these tests are looking for THC metabolites, which most hemp-based products don’t produce in significant amounts. However, there are multi-panel drug tests that check for CBD as well.
But the question remains, what exactly is CBD, and why is it so controversial?
Because there’s still a lot of legal gray area (CBD is technically legal at the federal level but restricted at the state level), there’s been a lot of inconsistency and unpredictability about how state authorities deal with hemp-based products.
In order to understand the legal complexity, you first have to understand the difference between hemp and cannabis. Technically, they’re the same plant, but they’re defined differently (from a legal standpoint) based on the amount of THC they contain. If a cannabis sativa plant contains more than .3% THC, it’s legally recognized as marijuana. If a cannabis sativa plant contains .3% THC or less, it’s defined as industrial hemp and is legal from a federal standpoint.
If you don’t qualify for the MHERP but have another serious medical condition, you may qualify for Missouri’s medical marijuana program. This would afford you access to a range of THC-and-CBD-based treatments. Qualifying conditions include cancer, glaucoma, intractable migraines, PTSD, extreme pain, and muscle spasms.
Is CBD Oil Safe?
CBD and THC have the same basic molecular structure: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. However, the molecules are arranged differently, which is why each compound behaves differently in the body.
In other words, if a CBD oil is extracted from a hemp plant and contains no more than .3% THC, the federal government considers it legal. But Missouri still has tougher laws on the books. While the state does recognize the distinction between hemp and cannabis, it nevertheless chooses to regulate hemp and CBD products more strictly than the federal government.
Additionally, some preliminary evidence suggests that cannabidiol may help with acne, diabetes, and muscle spasms, though more research is needed.
If you live in Missouri and would like to purchase CBD legally, you’ll need to enroll in the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program. If you’re an eligible epilepsy patient, our state-licensed physicians can help you get certified.
How CBD Compares to THC Products.
In addition, THC appears to be more effective for addressing issues like pain, glaucoma, low appetite, and nausea, while CBD appears to address migraines, depression, and psychosis with greater effectiveness.
When it comes to CBD and hemp, Missouri is a sea of contradictions. On the one hand, Missouri is the second-largest hemp producer in the nation (behind Kentucky). On the other hand, Missouri has some of the nation’s least consumer-friendly hemp laws.
Under the current law, CBD is only legal for patients participating in the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program (MHERP). This program is designed exclusively for patients with intractable epilepsy.
Most consumers seek out cannabidiol for health reasons. While we still have only limited clinical information about the therapeutic effects of cannabidiol, there is some promising research worth noting:
In order to be enrolled in the program, prospective patients must be approved by the Division of Community and Public Health and must have an official diagnosis from a state-licensed neurologist. Finally, patients who do receive approval are only permitted to purchase CBD oil from one of two state-licensed facilities.