things cbd treatsDecember 15, 2021
Here’s a look at what a handful of scientific studies have found in recent years concerning CBD's medical usefulness, including some diseases and ailments for which the FDA has approved CBD products.
But first, what is CBD? Cannabidiol is a nonpsychoactive compound found in both cannabis and hemp plants, which are different varieties of the same plant species. Cannabis plants are often grown in order to cultivate tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the component in marijuana that is responsible for the “high” feeling in people who smoke or ingest it. Many hemp plants, on the other hand, have had the THC largely bred out of them, according to a report published in November 2016 in Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences . These plants are grown for a variety of products, including textiles, insulation, food, paper, supplements, and skin-care items.
If you’re suffering from any of the ailments or diseases on this list and are curious to see if CBD could help, you should also know about the side effects that some people experience when using CBD products. The most common are dizziness, dry mouth, mood changes, gastrointestinal issues — including nausea — and fatigue. And since research has shown that CBD can interact with a variety of medications, including warfarin (a blood thinner) and clobazam (used to treat epilepsy), it’s essential to discuss your use of CBD-containing products with your physician or other healthcare provider.
While headlines may lead you to believe that CBD — sold in oils, edibles, tinctures, creams, capsules, and more — is a cure-all, there are really just a handful of conditions that scientific studies suggest it can treat, according to a report published in 2018 by the World Health Organization. It's important to know that CBD is treated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the same way as dietary supplements — that is, like supplements, CBD products can go to market without scientific evidence that they actually work. It's a “buyer beware” situation.
It seems like everywhere you look, cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is being touted as a cure for, well, anything that might ail you. At last check, you can find CBD in hundreds of products meant to relieve all manner of pain and anxiety, and in lifestyle-enhancing products like sports-recovery balms, personal lubricants, sleeping aids, and energy boosters that might keep you up all night (yep, take your pick!).
What Conditions Is CBD Used For?
The next challenge is finding products that are accurately labeled. According to research published in November 2017 in the Journal of the American Medical Association , many CBD products do not contain the amount of CBD their labels claim. The research, conducted at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, involved testing 84 CBD products to see if they contained the amount of CBD listed. The researchers found 70 percent of CBD products are mislabeled, and “26 percent contained less CBD than labeled, which could negate any potential clinical response.”
Like any other product, from aspirin to zinc oxide, CBD is not for everyone. And even though it’s “natural,” it’s not necessarily safe, especially for people who are taking other medications. If you decide to try CBD products, make sure you know where the products are sourced from, how they’re manufactured, and how they’re meant to be used.
What Is Cannabidiol (CBD) and Where Is It Found?
Is CBD Right for You, and What Are the Possible Side Effects?
If you're thinking of using CBD oil to treat a health condition, talk to your healthcare provider to make sure it's an appropriate option for you.
This article goes over what CBD is used for, possible side effects, and what you should look for if you choose to buy CBD.
CBD oil might help relieve stress, anxiety, seizures, drug withdrawal, and nerve pain. But taking higher doses doesn't always mean they'll have a stronger impact. Also, many studies on CBD have been done on animals, so it's hard to tell if these same effects will apply to people.
There’s some evidence CBD interacts with seizure medicines like Onfi (clobazam) and boosts their concentration in the blood. More research is needed, though.
The men who took 300 mg of CBD oil showed less anxiety than those given a placebo. Interestingly, the men who took 100 mg or 600 mg of CBD oil didn't have these results.
It would be hard to overdose on CBD oil because human tolerance is very high. One study reported the toxic dose would be about 20,000 mg taken at one time.
However, CBD oil might change the way your body breaks down certain medications. This could make the drugs have a stronger or weaker effect, which can be dangerous. Talk to your doctor before you use CBD oil, especially if you take any medicine or have liver disease.
However, there’s no evidence CBD oil can treat high blood pressure on its own or prevent it in people at risk. While stress can complicate high blood pressure, it can’t cause it.
Common side effects include:
What Is CBD Oil Used For?
Don’t take CBD oil if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. The American Academy of Pediatrics advises pregnant women to avoid marijuana because of the potential risks to a baby’s development. Although the effects of CBD itself are unclear, CBD does pass through the placenta.
However, there aren't many studies that examine the use of CBD in treating chronic pain in people. The studies that do exist almost always include THC. This makes it hard to isolate CBD's unique effects.
However, CBD affected each type of addiction very differently.
Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is an enzyme in your body that breaks down certain drugs. But CBD oil can block CYP450 from working the way it normally does. CBD oil can either make some drugs you take have a stronger effect than you need or make them less effective.
Unlike the THC that's in marijuana, CBD oil doesn't get you high. It contains a chemical called cannabidiol that might help relieve stress, anxiety, drug withdrawals, and nerve pain.
Not necessarily. While some use these names interchangeably, hemp oil might also be used for hemp seed oil, which is used for cooking, food production, and skincare products.
In most of the studies, lower doses of CBD (10 milligrams per kilogram, mg/kg, or less) improved some symptoms of anxiety, but higher doses (100 mg/kg or more) had almost no effect.
Remember that CBD oils are mostly unregulated, so there's no guarantee that a product is safe, effective, or what it claims to be on its packaging.
Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health.